In manufacturing and production, assembly processes transform individual components into functional products. These processes are categorized into two main types: permanent and non-permanent assembly. Each approach brings its own set of advantages and considerations, and choosing the right one depends on the product's specific requirements, industry standards, and intended use. This article will delve into assembly processes, exploring the differences between permanent and non-permanent methods and discussing when each approach is most suitable. 

ContentProvidedBy-Orbitform.gifNon-Permanent Assembly Processes

  • Bolt & Nut
  • Screw
  • Cotter Pin
  • Retaining Ring
  • Stud & Nut
non-permanent forms

Permanent Assembly Processes

  • Semi Tubular Rivet Impact Formed
  • Solid Rivet Impact Formed
  • Solid Rivet Hot Upset Formed
  • Solid Rivet Orbital Formed
  • Tenon Orbital Formed
  • Bolt & Nut Orbital Formed Head
permanent forms

Choosing the Right Approach

The decision to use permanent or non-permanent assembly processes hinges on several factors: 

1. Intended Use: Consider the product's function and the stresses it will undergo. Products that require high structural integrity might lean towards permanent methods, while those that need periodic maintenance or upgrades might benefit from non-permanent processes. 

2. Cost and Efficiency: Non-Permanent equipment doesn't require specialized equipment. However, non-permanent fasteners typically cost more than permanent options. And in some instances, redesigning the workpiece to use a tenon will eliminate the fastener. 

3. Environmental Impact: While non-permanent assembly methods may allow for easier disassembly and recycling, permanent processes can also be environmentally conscious. Their longevity means fewer replacements and less waste in the form of discarded components. 

In the dynamic world of manufacturing, the choice between permanent and non-permanent assembly processes is a pivotal decision that directly impacts a product's quality, usability, and lifecycle. Both approaches have their merits and are suited for different scenarios. By carefully evaluating factors like product function, cost, and environmental impact, manufacturers can make informed choices that align with their objectives and contribute to creating reliable and sustainable products.